PE

Head of Department

Mr D Smith

Subject Overview

Welcome to Cornwallis Academy’s Physical Education Department. We are a dynamic, committed and hardworking department, with a combined range of experience and skills. Each member of the team is involved in taking on responsibilities within the department and we contribute to the high quality of extra-curricular opportunities available to the students. 

Cornwallis Academy provides a wide variety of sporting facilities, including:

  • 1 x 4 badminton courts
  • 1 x activity room
  • 1 x 4 netball court MUGA (multi-use games area)
  • 3 x 5-a-side football pitches
  • 2 x rugby pitches
  • 2 x football pitches
  • 4 bay cricket nets
  • 2 x long jump pits
  • 3 x rounder’s pitches

Key Stage 3 

Students will build upon and embed the physical development and skills learned in key stages 1 and 2, become more competent, confident and expert in their techniques, while applying them across different sports and physical activities. They will understand what makes a performance effective and how to apply these principles to their own and others’ work. They will develop the confidence and interest to get involved in exercise, sports and activities out of school and in later life, and understand and apply the long-term health benefits of physical activity.

Students will learn:

  • to use a range of tactics and strategies to overcome opponents in direct competition through team and individual games [for example, badminton, basketball, cricket, football, hockey, netball, rounders, badminton and rugby]
  • develop their technique and improve their performance in other competitive sports [for example, athletics and gymnastics]
  • take part in outdoor and adventurous activities which present intellectual and physical challenges and be encouraged to work in a team, building on trust and developing skills to solve problems, either individually or as a group
  • analyse their performances compared to previous ones and demonstrate improvement to achieve their personal best
  • take part in competitive sports and activities outside school through community links or sports clubs.

Range of Activities

The subject content will be taught through the following range of activities:

  • Gymnastics
  • Striking & Fielding Games
  • Invasion Games
  • Net & Wall Games
  • Athletics
  • Health Related Fitness
  • Outdoor and Adventurous Activities (OAA)

A minimum of four activity areas will be covered in each academic year for Key Stage 3 students. All activities are assessed through the 9-1 grading criteria that is monitored through the academic year.

Assessment at Key Stage 3:

A minimum of four activities will be covered in each academic year for Key Stage 3 students. All activities are assessed through the 9-1 grading criteria that is monitored through the academic year.

Key Stage 4 

Key Stage 4 Overview:

Students will receive 1 x lesson of compulsory core PE per week which resembles the same format as key stage 3. However, there are slight variations to the programme as outlined below:

  • A minimum of two activity areas will be covered in each academic year for Key Stage 4 students.
  • There is a greater emphasis on games during key stage 4
  • Alternate activities are also encouraged throughout key stage 4 (e.g. variations in fitness sessions)

Specialist PE courses

Students who select an optional PE course will be directed to either studying a traditional GCSE or and NCFE V-Cert course in Health & Fitness.

GCSE PE

The course requires students to learn the theory behind PE and sports science; be assessed based on their practical ability and complete an NEA (coursework) task. The units are outlined below:

Component 1: Fitness and Body Systems (*Component code: 1PE0/01)

Written examination: 1 hour and 45 minutes

36% of the qualification

90 marks

Content overview

● Topic 1: Applied anatomy and physiology ● Topic 2: Movement analysis

● Topic 3: Physical training

● Topic 4: Use of data

Assessment overview

The assessment consists of multiple-choice, short-answer, and extended writing questions.

Students must answer all questions.

Calculators can be used in the examination.

Component 2: Health and Performance (*Component code: 1PE0/02)

Written examination: 1 hour and 15 minutes

24% of the qualification

70 marks

Content overview

● Topic 1: Health, fitness and well-being ● Topic 2: Sport psychology

● Topic 3: Socio-cultural influences

● Topic 4: Use of data

Assessment overview

The assessment consists of multiple-choice, short-answer, and extended writing questions.

Students must answer all questions.

Calculators can be used in the examination.

Component 3: Practical Performance (*Component code: 1PE0/03)

Non-examined assessment: internally marked and externally moderated

30% of the qualification

105 marks (35 marks per activity)

Content overview

● Skills during individual and team activities

● General performance skills

Assessment overview

The assessment consists of students completing three physical activities from a set list.

  • One must be a team activity.
  • One must be an individual activity.
  • The final activity can be a free choice.

Students must participate in three separate activities.

Students will be assessed against set assessment criteria found in the Pearson Edexcel Level1/Level 2 GCSE (9–1) in Physical Education practical performance assessment criteria document on our website.

Each activity can last up to 12 hours. These will be assessed by the teacher and moderated by Pearson.

Component 4: Personal Exercise Programme (PEP) (*Component code: 1PE0/04)

Non-examined assessment: internally marked and externally moderated

10% of the qualification

20 marks

Content overview

● Aim and planning analysis

● Carrying out and monitoring the PEP

● Evaluation of the PEP

Assessment overview

The assessment consists of students producing a Personal Exercise Programme (PEP), and will require students to analyse and evaluate their performance.

These will be assessed by the teacher and moderated by Pearson.

V-Cert Health & Fitness

The NCFE Level 2 Certificate in Health and Fitness course is slightly different to the GCSE PE course, however is still has the same weighting in that students still receive a GCSE grade.

This course is made up of 4 units, with Unit 3 being an exam. Practical lessons will be blended throughout the units in order for students to learn the content through both mediums. This course is better suited for a student who is not as confident in exams

Unit 1: Principles of health and fitness

This unit aims to introduce learners to the principles of health and fitness.

Learners will understand the main components of fitness and the principles of training. They will look at the benefits and the effects of exercise on the body’s system.

Guided learning hours: 30

Level: 2

This unit is mandatory

This unit is internally assessed (booklet)

Unit 2: Healthy lifestyles

This unit aims to provide learners with the knowledge and understanding of how food and physical activity can contribute to a healthy lifestyle. They will learn the importance of diet and nutrition.

Learners will understand how motivation affects participation in physical activity.

Guided learning hours: 30

Level: 2

This unit is mandatory

This unit is internally assessed (booklet)

Unit 3: Preparing and planning for health and fitness

Learners will understand factors that affect a health and fitness plan. This will enable them to prepare and plan a health and fitness plan to improve their exercise   

Guided learning hours: 30

Level: 2

This unit is mandatory

This unit is externally assessed through an exam

Unit 4: Develop a personal health and fitness programme

This unit will give learners the opportunity to bring together their learning gained throughout the course and develop a health and fitness programme. They will gain knowledge and skills in carrying out fitness tests.

Learners will understand the importance of preparation and appropriate warm-up and cool downs. They will be able to evaluate the effectiveness of a health and fitness programme.

Guided learning hours: 30

Level: 2

This unit is mandatory

This unit is internally assessed (booklet)

Key Stage 5 

The Department currently offer both the AS and A Level Examination Course following the Pearson/Edexcel Exam board.

The Department also offers the Level 3 BTEC National Extended Certificate in Sport which is also worth the equivalent of 1 A-Level.

A-Level PE

Examining Body:

EDEXCEL

Overview of the course:

EDEXCEL’s GCE in Physical Education comprises four components and can either be taken as an AS course or a full A-Level (all students will sit the AS year). The course is 70% theory and 30% NEA/practical based.

Component 1: Scientific Principles of Physical Education

  • 40%, written exam: 2 hours 30 minutes

Topic 1: Applied anatomy and physiology

Students will understand the anatomical/structural and physiological/functional roles performed in the identified systems of the body. They will understand how the controlled stress of exercise will affect the systems and the way that the effect is measured. The topic will cover how different stresses/types of exercise will bring about both acute responses and chronic adaptations.

 

The principles of Newton’s Three Laws of Motion – force, centre of mass and stability – will also be covered and are essential to a student’s understanding of how sporting technique and performance can be improved.

Topic 2: Exercise physiology and applied movement analysis

Students will understand the importance of diet and nutrition pre-, during and post-physical activity. They will also study fatigue and recovery. Students will gain an understanding of how to apply knowledge of energy systems and how to train, maintain and improve their performance. This includes an understanding of fitness components, methods of training and physiological adaptations.

Students will also understand how to prevent and rehabilitate from injury. Students will be able to demonstrate an understanding of movement analysis through the use of examples to include linear motion, angular motion, projectile motion and fluid mechanics.

Component 2: Psychological and Social Principles of Physical Education

  • 30%, written exam: 2 hours

Topic 3: Skill acquisition

Students are required to show an understanding of the nature and development of skills in sport. This understanding could be enhanced and developed through applied practical experiences in the role of either coach and/or performer. Students should have an awareness of the relevant learning theories and how they relate to skill development. At A Level, students will develop a detailed appreciation of the role of memory systems in the acquisition of skill.

Students are expected to be able to relate knowledge of practices, feedback and guidance to practical performance situations. Students should be able to understand how quantitative data can be generated in appropriate areas of skill acquisition and be able to produce and evaluate the meaning of such data.

Topic 4: Sport psychology

Students will have an understanding of the role that sports psychology has in facilitating optimal sporting performance of an individual athlete, sports teams and individuals in the teams. Central to this topic will be the ongoing debate offering explanations between either nature or nurture or the interaction of both.

Students will look at the theories and then apply the different interpretation of each to the different situations and scenarios identified. They will be able to demonstrate both support for, and challenge to, a given theory or perspective and provide sporting examples to support this view.

Topic 5: Sport and society

Students will understand the dynamic relationship between sport and society. They will understand the parallels between societal changes and sport and will utilise this knowledge and understanding to consider historical and contemporary events and trends and     potential future developments.

Students will understand how, as society developed and became increasingly commercial and political, these phenomena were reflected in sport. Students will understand the context of varying ethics, pressures on performers to cheat and consider a range of factors that influence deviance and the response of national and international organisations.

Component 3: Practical performance

  • 15%- non-examined, externally moderated

Students will be required to perform in one physical activity, in the role of either player/performer or coach. They will be required to demonstrate their skills while under pressure, in conditioned practice and a formal/competitive situation. Students must choose and perform one physical activity from the set list.

Component 4: Performance Analysis and Performance Development Programme

  • 15%- non-examined, externally moderated

In the Performance Analysis, in either the role of player/performer or coach, students will investigate two components of a physical activity (one physiological component and either a technical or a tactical component) in order to analyse and evaluate the effectiveness of their own performance. Students will demonstrate knowledge and understanding of            performance analysis in order to produce an evaluation to demonstrate strengths and weaknesses and areas for development of a performance.

Possible Career Paths: 

This course supports progression into further and higher education, training or employment, such as sports sciences, recreation and leisure studies, physiotherapy, the armed forces and the civil service.

Possible courses at university that this subject could lead into include:

  • Sports Therapy
  • Sport Management
  • Sport Coaching
  • further study of physical education in higher education (Exercise and Sports Science degrees/Sport Management degree)
  • vocational courses such as the BTEC National in Sport and Sport and Exercise Sciences
  • apprenticeships or other training (strength & conditioning coach, instructor)
  • employment in a related sector (physiotherapist, exercise physiologist, strength & conditioner, sports therapist, PE teacher, Fitness instructor, management of sports facilities/clubs, sports coach/official, university/college lecturer in sports science, sports biomechanist, sports statistician, sports journalist, sports psychologist, sports analyst, nutritionist)

BTEC Level 3 National Extended Certificate in Sport

Examining Body:

Pearson 

Overview of the course:

The course requires students to undertake 4 units, 3 of which a mandatory and 1 unit being optional to the centre. The course is outlined below:

Unit 1: Anatomy and Physiology

Learners explore how the skeletal, muscular, cardiovascular and respiratory systems function and the fundamentals of the energy systems.

Assessment

· External 1.5 hour exam

· 90 marks

Unit 2: Fitness Training and Programming for Sport, health & Well-being

Learners explore client screening and lifestyle assessment, fitness training methods and fitness programming to support improvements in a client’s health and well-being.

In this unit, you will explore the process required for screening clients and assessing their lifestyle and nutritional intake.

Assessment

· A task set and marked by Pearson and completed under supervised conditions.

· Written submission.

· 60 marks

Unit 3: Professional Development in the Sports Industry

Learners explore the knowledge and skills required for different career pathways in the sports industry. Learners will take part in, and reflect on, a personal skills audit, career action plan and practical interview assessment activities.

In this unit, you will research the different possible careers and the associated job roles in the sports industry, then action plan your development towards achieving a selected career aim.

Assessment

· Internal assessment (moderated by the exam board)

Unit 7: Practical Sports Performance

Learners study the skills, techniques, tactics and rules of selected sports through active participation in individual/team sports.

You will develop your own practical performance in selected sports, focusing on the application of skills, techniques and tactics and reflecting on your performance.

Assessment

· Internal assessment (moderated by the  exam board)

Possible Career Paths: 

This course supports progression into further and higher education, training or employment, such as sports sciences, recreation and leisure studies, physiotherapy, the armed forces and the civil service.

Possible courses at university that this subject could lead into include:

  • Sports Therapy
  • Sport Management
  • Sport Coaching
  • further study of physical education in higher education (Exercise and Sports Science degrees/Sport Management degree)
  • vocational courses such as the BTEC National in Sport and Sport and Exercise Sciences
  • apprenticeships or other training (strength & conditioning coach, instructor)
  • employment in a related sector (physiotherapist, exercise physiologist, strength & conditioner, sports therapist, PE teacher, Fitness instructor, management of sports facilities/clubs, sports coach/official, university/college lecturer in sports science, sports biomechanist, sports statistician, sports journalist, sports psychologist, sports analyst, nutritionist)